Water scarcity is described as a lack of sufficient clean and fresh water or access to safe water to fulfill human and environmental needs.
Water conservation refers to the protection and preservation of freshwater, and it includes all the strategies, policies, and activities to manage the natural resource of fresh water sustainably.
Urbanization is a pervasive and recent phenomenon in which populations move from rural to urban areas, enabling cities and towns to grow. Urbanization can also be defined as a progressive increase in people living in towns and cities.
Soil erosion is the gradual wearing of a fertile upper layer of soil by natural forces such as water, wind, and farming activities.
Energy conservation may be defined as the process of using less energy to reduce the demand for the Earth’s natural resources.
Deforestation is large-scale clearing and removal of forest cover or tree plantations to make space for agricultural, industrial, or urban use. In simple terms, deforestation is the destruction of the forest to accommodate human needs.