Air pollution is described as any physical, chemical, or biological change in the air due to harmful compounds (toxic gases, dust, and smoke) in the atmosphere that significantly impact plants, animals, humans, and the environment.
These components and gases are emitted from vehicles, factories, dust, volcanoes, and wildfires.
What are the Causes for Air Pollution?
- Manufacturing industries emit a massive amount of harmful gases such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals into the air.
- Insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers are now widely used in agricultural activities, releasing hazardous substances into the atmosphere.
- Certain natural events, such as volcanic eruptions, forest fires, and dust storms, can contribute to air pollution.
What are the Effects of Air Pollution?
- Air pollution affects the human immune, endocrine, and reproductive system. Long-term exposure to air pollution can cause heart and lung diseases like asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart attacks and strokes, and cancer.
- The burning of fossil fuels that releases carbon dioxide, methane, and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is responsible for the progressive warming of the Earth's surface, oceans, and atmosphere.
- Increased global temperatures have resulted in rising sea levels, melting ice from colder places, and icebergs, leading to habitat destruction.
- Fossil fuel and industrial combustions that mainly emit nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide combine to form acid rain, harming humans, animals, and agriculture.
How to Prevent Air Pollution?
- Promoting public transportation and carpooling.
- Avoiding unnecessary wastage of electricity by turning off the lights and fans before going out since electricity production causes massive air pollution.
- Avoid blazing bonfires in the open and burning garbage, dry leaves, or other objects.
- The use of natural gas as burning fuel produces less pollution when compared to wood.