The lake's surface is 430.5 meters (1,412 ft) below sea level, and the northern basin is 50 km long and 15 km wide at its widest point. The surface area of the dead sea as of today is 605 km2 (234 sq mi).
How Salty is the Dead Sea?
The Dead Sea's water is about 9.6 times saltier than normal ocean water, with a salinity of 34.2%, making it one of the world's saltiest water bodies. This salinity creates a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish. The Dead Sea water has a density of 1.240 kg/L, swimming in its waters similar to floating.
How was the Dead Sea Formed?
Million years ago, a saltwater lagoon between the Rift Valley and the Mediterranean Sea rose due to the movement of the Arabian and African tectonic plates. This movement cut off the ocean water supply for the Dead Sea to the extent that the Mediterranean Sea could no longer flood the area.
The water source for this lake is from the freshwater springs and aquifers. Due to lack of outflow, water is collected in the Dead Sea and then evaporates in the hot weather, leaving behind salt. Thus, making the salt concentration in the lake very high.