What are the Causes of Deforestation?
The following are the main causes of deforestation:
- A massive amount of trees are being cut down to grow crops due to the overgrowing demand for food. According to FAO, 80% of deforestation took place due to agricultural activities.
- The need to meet the demands of wood-based industries like paper, match-sticks, furniture, etc.
- Urbanization and expansion of cities.
- Forest fires.
- The growing human population which requires more land to establish new settlements. Natural calamities such as hurricanes and floods.
- Invasion of parasites into the forest ecosystem.
What are the Effects of Deforestation?
The following are the adverse effects of deforestation:
- Increase in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.
- Climate imbalance and climate change.
- Various animal and plant species lose their natural habitat n which leads to their extinction.
- Increased greenhouse effect and global warming.
- More acidic oceans due to an increase in carbon dioxide levels.
- Significant disturbances in the water cycle.
- Increase in air pollution and loss of biodiversity.
- Deforestation directly or indirectly makes way for the propagation of many infectious diseases.
How to Control Deforestation?
The following strategies can be used to control deforestation.
- Banning cutting of forests.
- Forest fire is one of the major causes of deforestation; thus, forest fire should be controlled.
- Reforestation and afforestation to increase forest cover.
- Implement policies and strict laws to prevent illegal logging.
- Encouraging farmers to implement the eco-friendly agricultural practice.
- Every individual can stimulate the slowdown of deforestation by implementing the Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle principle in their daily lives.