Endangered species are wild animals or plants that are very likely to be extinct in the future, either worldwide or in a particular area.
In 2012, the International Union for Conservation of Nature had categorized 3,079 animals and 2,655 plants as endangered species. As of now, there are over 7,000 species around the world that are considered as endangered. Every year the third Friday of May is celebrated as National Endangered Species Day.
What are the Factors Affecting Endangered Species?
- Habitat loss - Many plants and animals which live in untouched nature are now adversely affected by human expansion. Infrastructural development and extraction of precious materials have destroyed the natural environment forcing animals to look out for new homes.
- Changes in natural living conditions - Animals and plants are susceptible to their living conditions. Often they cannot adapt to new conditions successfully which leads to their extinction.
- Poaching - Poaching and illegal hunting cause the extinction of whole species.
- Fishing - Excessive fishing can lead to the endangerment of sea species.
- Pollution - Industrial revolution has led to an increase in acid rain, water pollution, and air pollution, which is harmful to animals and plants.
What are the Effects due to Extinction of Species?
- The whole ecosystem and food chain get affected due to the extinction of some animal or plant species.
- Diseases can more likely hit humans due to the extinction of some animals, which serve as buffers between pathogens and humans.
- There will be a loss of medical resources due to the endangerment of medical plants.
What are the Ways to Save Endangered Species?
- Buy sustainable and recyclable products to protect plants.
- Ban hunting and poaching of wildlife.
- Protection of wildlife habitat through a government institution.
- Minimize the use of pesticides and herbicides.
- Educate people about endangered species.