What is Environmental Law?
Environmental law consists of various legislations, enactments, and provisions to regulate human activity against the environment and its various interconnected ecosystems. This law acts as a safeguard in preventing environmental damage and ensuring effective management of the environment and ecosystems.
There are a wide variety of different areas addressed by environmental law. Following are some of the important areas that are governed by environmental law:
- Air quality law is implemented to maintain indoor and outdoor air quality. A motor vehicle emission test is an example of this law.
- Water quality law deals with the restriction to release pollutants into various water bodies.
- The transport, storage, treatment, and disposal of solid municipal waste, hazardous waste, and nuclear waste is regulated by waste management laws.
- Environmental law has set guidelines for food production. This law regulates everything from how the seeds are harvested and processed to what types of pesticides and fertilizers are used to nurture the crops.
- Environmental law has set regulations to control the population and conserve natural resources.
- Flora and fauna are under constant threat by human activity, so there are laws to protect biodiversity.
- Environmental law has made rules for safe use of chemicals, correct storage of chemicals, and appropriate use of safety equipment.
- It also ensures the legitimate licensing and sale of the various chemicals.
What is the Importance of Environmental Law?
Following are some of the benefits of having environmental law:
- The main aim of environmental law is to protect humans, animals, habitats, and resources. The goal is to ensure that the practices used do not cause harm to the environment, human or animal health.
- Environmental law ensures the proper disposal of waste material as per the set standards and procedures.
- Environmental law protects the environment from the harmful effect of industries and manufacturing units.