What is Forest?

A forest is defined as a large area of land dominated by trees. There are thousands of definitions of forest used throughout the world depending on factors such as tree density, tree height, land use, legal standing, and ecological function. Forest is also referred to as the lungs of the earth, the world’s air-conditioners, and earth blankets.

Types of Forests

Following are the types of forests:

  1. Rainforest or equatorial moist evergreen forest.
  2. Tropical deciduous forest.
  3. Mediterranean forest.
  4. Temperate broad-leaved deciduous and mixed forest.
  5. Warm temperate broad-leaved deciduous forest.
  6. Coniferous forest.

What is the Importance of Forests?

Forests are highly beneficial to humankind.

  1. Helpful in maintaining the earth’s water cycle.
  2. Maintain the temperature and oxygen levels of the atmosphere.
  3. Home to many living organisms.
  4. Provide raw materials for medicines, perfumes, clothes, etc.
  5. Prevent the greenhouse effect, thus preventing global warming.
  6. Hold the soil firmly and prevents soil erosion.
  7. Create employment opportunities directly or indirectly.
  8. Help to prevent air and noise pollution.

How to Conserve Forests?

The following methods can be used for the conservation of forests:

  1. Planned and regulated cutting of trees.
  2. Control of forest fires.
  3. Reforestation and afforestation to increase forest cover.
  4. Banning activities that lead to deforestation.
  5. Implementing policies to save forests.
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