Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels are the product of natural processes like the anaerobic decomposition of fossilized buried remains of plants and animals. They include coal, petroleum, natural gas, oil shales, bitumen, tar sands, and heavy oils.

Types of Fossil Fuels

The different type of fossil fuels are:

  1. Coal - Anthracite, Bituminous, Sub-bituminous, and Lignite.
  2. Crude Oil - Gasoline, Diesel, and Heating oil.
  3. Natural Gas - Methane, Propane.

How does the Burning of Fossil Fuels affect Global Warming?

When fossil fuels are burned, they release carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, which trap heat in our atmosphere, making them the primary contributors to global warming and climate change.

What are the Environmental Effects of Burning Fossil Fuels?

Fossil fuel energy affects the environment and health due to the emissions and impact of mining practices. The environmental effects of burning fossil fuels are:

  1. Land degradation
  2. Water pollution
  3. Emissions
  4. Global warming
  5. Ocean acidification

How to Reduce Fossil Fuel Emissions?

According to the U.S. Department of Energy, non-renewable fossil fuels account for 85 percent of energy production in the United States. Reducing fossil fuel usage would help protect the limited supply of fossil fuels while decreasing the pollution produced.

The following preventive measures can be adopted to reduce the fossil fuel emission:

  1. Raising awareness about energy conservation in friends, family, and coworkers.
  2. Using energy-efficient appliances in homes and offices.
  3. Use of public transportation such as bus, train, or subway system.
  4. Switching to alternative energy sources, such as wind energy and solar energy.
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