What is Ozone Depletion?
Ozone depletion is the gradual deterioration of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere due to the release of ozone-depleting substances like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), bromine-containing halons, etc. from factories and other land-based activities.
Origin of “Ozone Depletion”
The phrase was first used by Dr. Mario J. Molina and Sherwood Rowland in 1974 while working on their research that eventually went on to prove that a man-made group of compounds known as CFCs were the main source of ozone depletion.
What causes Ozone Depletion?
The main cause of ozone depletion is the interaction of artificial chemicals like halocarbon refrigerants, solvents, propellants, and foam-blowing agents (CFCs, HCFCs, halons) with the ozone layer. When these compounds are transported into the stratosphere through natural winds, they release halogen atoms through photo-dissociation, which catalyze the breakdown of ozone (O3) into oxygen (O2).
Can Ozone Depletion Cause Global Warming?
While ozone depletion itself is not a major cause of global warming, aspects of ozone depletion and global warming are closely linked. Ozone depletion can allow more ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth’s surface, which can cause skin cancer, but the amount of warming due to these radiations is insignificant.
Can Ozone Depletion be Reversed?
Reducing the concentration of ozone-depleting substances from the atmosphere can help restore the natural balance between ozone creation and destruction. However, this might require a complete ban on the usage of CFCs, carbon tetrachloride, HCFCs, methyl chloroform, halons, and methyl bromide.