This results in a change in water quality, which has harmful effects on the environment, humans, animals, and plants.
What are the Causes of Water Pollution?
The most significant sources of water pollution are:
- Sewage water
- River dumping
- Plastics and polythene bags
- Population growth
- Agricultural wastes (pesticides and fertilizers)
- Poor water management
What are the Effects of Water Pollution?
Water pollution causes an adverse effect on the whole ecosystem, including the environment, humans, animals, and plants.
- The polluted water contains microorganisms and poisonous substances, which causes cholera, typhoid fever, diarrhea, vomiting, skin problems, etc.
- The toxic compounds/pollutants absorb the oxygen present in the water, thus significantly reducing the amount of oxygen available to mammals and other fish, resulting in their death in their natural environment.
- Pesticides, manure, and animal dungs pollute the water and degrade its quality, making it harmful for agricultural processes and ecosystems near the water bodies.
How to Prevent Water Pollution?
- Avoid unnecessary usage of water.
- Minimize the use of pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers.
- Reduce single-use plastic consumption and reuse or recycle plastic to a great extent.
- Proper disposal of chemical waste such as ammonia, bleach, paint, paint thinner, and many other chemicals.
- Installation of rainwater harvesting pit in houses and buildings.
- Volunteering and helping the water conservation organizations in cleaning beaches, rivers, and localities.